Jon-Emile S. Kenny

Dr. Kenny is slowly curating the 'Finnegans Wake of Critical Care Blogs.' His favourite places are: Pier 64, The Hall of Ocean Life, Grand Central Station and the cafe at the top of Fotografiska. He has inherited his grandmother's fascination with the cosmos and Carl Sagan. Enjoy his homage to classical cardiorespiratory physiology at www.heart-lung.org

Jul 182019
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: Venous Doppler & Veno-Cardiac Coupling – Part 2

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] In part 1, the basics of ventriculo-arterial coupling [VAC] were described and related to the Guyton Diagram.  In this second part, the notion of cardiac performance [Eh] is explored in relation to venous Doppler velocimetry.  Subsequently, I hypothesize that ‘veno-cardiac uncoupling’ – a concept analogous to VAC – is a [… read more]

Jul 172019
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: Venous Doppler & Veno-Cardiac Coupling – Part 1

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] Background Concepts have been clanging around my head since I participated in Philippe Rola’s [@thinkingCC] sedulous Hospitalist & Resuscitationist Conference in Montreal.  Initially, the abstractions of ventriculo-arterial coupling, Guytonian physiology and venous Doppler seemed insuperably sundered; but the cognitive haranguing recently gave way to harmony. What is ventriculo-arterial coupling and [… read more]

Jun 302019
 
Intravenous Fluids Act as Inotropes in Recent Sepsis Study

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “I’ve looked at clouds from both sides now …” -Joni Mitchell Background In a recent physiological study – brought to my attention by the erudite and kinetic [@iceman_ex] – the detailed physiological effects of intravenous fluids, norepinephrine and dobutamine were sequentially evaluated in patients with sepsis.  Sepsis was defined as [… read more]

Jun 032019
 
Applied Respiratory Physiology for the Ventilator: A Workshop from the Hospitalist & Resuscitationist Conference

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds.” -George Eliot Considering the independent and dependent variables of ventilation marked my final contribution to the “Hospitalist and the Resuscitationist” conference in Montreal, Canada; I gave a workshop on graphical analyses of ventilation.  This began with the basics of [… read more]

May 282019
 
Pitfalls when using Doppler Ultrasound to Measure Peripheral Flow: A Lecture from the Hospitalist & Resuscitationist Conference

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “I am fearful, or suspicious of generalizations … they cannot guide me reliably in making decisions about particular individuals.” -Ruth Bader Ginsburg Between the 22nd and 24th of May, I participated in the “Hospitalist and the Resuscitationist” conference in Montreal, Canada.  I spoke on the stanchions of physiology and evidence [… read more]

May 272019
 
Integrating the Evidence and Physiology of IVC Collapse: A Lecture from the Hospitalist & Resuscitationist Conference in Montreal

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “There is no power for change greater than a community discovering what it cares about.” -Margaret J. Wheatley Between the 22nd and 24th of May, I participated in the galvanic, second-annual “Hospitalist and the Resuscitationist” conference in Montreal, Canada.  The entirety of this meeting was organized by Dr. Philippe Rola [… read more]

Apr 292019
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: The Respiratory System Pressure-Volume Curve

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] More than 20 years ago Amato and colleagues reported a significant mortality reduction in ARDS patients who had their ventilator settings guided by the pressure-volume [PV] curve [1].  The 28-day mortality reduction was profound – 71% versus 38% – in favour of the patients who had their positive end-expiratory pressure [… read more]

Apr 282019
 
Open the Lung with Esophageal Manometry to Avoid VV-ECMO?

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “I am suffocated and lost when I have not the bright feeling of progression” -Margaret Fuller A recent letter and review in Critical Care have called for adoption of the ‘Open Lung Approach’ to patients with severe ARDS.  More specifically, in refractory ARDS whilst prone, it is argued that esophageal [… read more]

Mar 292019
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: The Driving Power & Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] The mechanical power applied to the lung is a risk factor for ventilator or ventilation-induced lung injury [VILI] [1-4].  But can the work done to the lung over time be homogenized into a single value?  Could different components of the power equation carry different VILI risk beyond their mathematical inequalities [… read more]

Mar 262019
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: The Mechanical Power & Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] A few years ago I was intrigued by a new concept in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury [VILI] – the mechanical power.  I employed this paradigm, introduced by Gattinoni’s group, as an opening for the ‘ARDS Trilogy.’  Since then, I have also discussed this ‘ergotrauma’ in the context of helium-oxygen physiology and [… read more]

Feb 232019
 
Should We Stop Trending Lactate in Septic Shock?  ANDROMEDA-SHOCK Published

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “The truth is balance, but the opposite of truth, which is unbalance, may not be a lie.” -Susan Sontag Case A 49 year old man presents with two days of hemoptysis, right-sided pleuritic chest pain and a few hours of ‘confusion’ according to his teammate in a pick-up hockey league.  One [… read more]

Feb 172019
 
Echocardiography Does Not Correlate with Volume Status says CoDE-MiN Study

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “Nolite te bastardes carborundorum” -Margaret Atwood Case An 86 year old woman presents with two days of decreased intake by mouth and 3 days of melena and vomiting.  She is followed closely by her internist and cardiologist for hypertension, severe mitral regurgitation, pulmonary venous hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction with co-morbid [… read more]

Feb 032019
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: Blood Pressure

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] Why is blood pressure measured by units of length [i.e. millimeters of mercury – mmHg]?  What decides systolic and diastolic pressure?  What are the determinants of tissue perfusion and what are the clinical implications of this physiology?  Can we deceive ourselves into thinking a particular mean arterial pressure [MAP] is [… read more]

Jan 162019
 
Atrial Fibrillation for the Intensivist – part 2

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “I’m burnin’ through the sky, yeah Two hundred degrees, That’s why they call me Mister Fahrenheit” -Freddie Mercury Part 1 gave a brief overview of the mechanisms of atrial fibrillation [AF] as well as pertinent features of rate controlling agents and anticoagulation.  In this brief second part, nuanced features of ventricular [… read more]

Jan 152019
 
Atrial Fibrillation for the Intensivist – part 1

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] with illustrations by Carla M Canepa MD [@_carlemd_] “The habit of writing for my eye is good practice. It loosens the ligaments.” ― Virginia Woolf Case A 28 year old woman with known severe mitral stenosis from rheumatic heart disease presents with acute onset shortness of breath.  Her acute dyspnea began while [… read more]

Dec 312018
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: Systolic Time Intervals

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] Remarkably, non-invasive cardiology did not begin with ultrasound but rather as investigations into systolic time [1].  Indeed, studies on the duration of systole began in 1875 with Garrod who showed that the left ventricular ejection time [LVET] – the time that the aortic valve is open and ejecting blood – varies [… read more]

Nov 262018
 
Hydrocortisone, Ascorbic Acid and Thiamine (HAT) Therapy in Sepsis: A Question & Answer with Dr. Paul Marik

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] with illustrations by Carla M Canepa MD [@_carlemd_] “I’ve never known any trouble than an hour’s reading didn’t assuage.” -Schopenhauer The last few decades have infamously boasted numerous failed therapies for sepsis and septic shock.  Because sepsis represents an explosive and chaotic cacophony of pro and anti-inflammatory mediators – treatments which [… read more]

Nov 112018
 
ICU Physiology in 1000 Words: Volutrauma or Barotrauma?

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] In a recent and excellent open-access review, Gattinoni, Quintel and Marini ask which is worse, volutrauma or atelectrauma [1]?  This concise review is an absolute must-read and forms the fabric from which this short article assembles.  Last spring – in Montreal – I was asked a few questions about volutrauma [… read more]

Oct 302018
 
Point of Care Ultrasound Unhelpful in Undifferentiated Hypotension? The SHOC-ED trial & the 'Tale of the Eighth Mare'

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] with illustrations by Carla M Canepa MD [@_carlemd_] “History does not repeat itself, but it often rhymes.” -Mark Twain Case An 89 year old man with a 100 pack-year smoking history is admitted with weakness and inability to take anything by mouth.  He was discharged 2 months prior after a treatment [… read more]

Oct 162018
 
Near Apneic Ventilation & Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: close the lungs & keep them closed?

Jon-Emile S. Kenny MD [@heart_lung] “Once had a love and it was a gas …” -Blondie Case A 56 year old professor returns from a hiking trip in the ‘Four Corners’ area of New Mexico.  She was previously well and decided to rent a secluded desert cabin whilst writing a novel on the ethical obligations [… read more]